1991 census, there were 138 million Scheduled Caste members in India, approximately 16 percent of the total population. 213 a b Peers 2006,. . These lines, which weighed 1,250 pounds per mile, were held aloft by fifteen-foot lengths of bamboo, planted into the ground at equal intervals200 to the mileand covered with a layer each of coal tar and pitch for insulation. 11 Increasingly Company officials lived in separate compounds according to British standards. 73 During the period, 17801860, India changed from being an exporter of processed goods for which it received payment in bullion, to being an exporter of raw materials and a buyer of manufactured goods.
Map of the completed and planned railway lines in India in 1871, thirteen years after the end of Company rule. Education and election to political office have advanced the status of many Dalits, but the overall picture remains one of great inequity. Wilson, Horace H (1845 The History of British India from 1805 to 1835, London: James Madden and., oclc Smith, Vincent. Hastings' premature attempt to appoint the Chief Justice, Sir Elijah Impey, an old schoolmate from Winchester, to the bench of the Sadr Diwni Adlat, only complicated the situation further.
After receiving a report by a committee, which condemned the Mayor's Courts, the Crown issued a charter for a new judicial system in the Bengal Presidency. 65 a b c d e f g Bayly 1990,. . These problems were aggravated due to absence of training to use modern technology and vast illiteracy leading to excessive use of chemicals. Two decades later, the Company established a presence on the eastern coast as well; far up that coast, in the Ganges river delta, a factory was set up in Calcutta. Since the available soldiers, or Sepoys, from Bengalmany of whom had fought against the British in the Battle of Plassey were now suspect in British eyes, Hastings recruited farther west from the "major breeding ground of India's infantry in eastern Awadh and the lands around. The Company weavers of Bengal: the East India Company and the organization of textile production in Bengal, (Oxford University Press, 1988) Marshall,. Lack of self-sufficiency edit Due to traditional agricultural practices, low productivity, and a growing population, often food grains were imported draining scarce foreign reserves. The technology of railway construction was still new and there was no railway engineering expertise in India; consequently, all engineers had to be brought in from England. Also constituted were Courts of circuit with appellate jurisdiction in criminal cases, which were usually presided over by the judges of the civil appellate courts.
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