to succeeding as a transformational leader (Bass 1990). It should be noted however that both leadership and management are of equal importance. In addition, Bass (1985) was not satisfied with Burns model and he challenged the model, he made assumption that transactional and transformational leader were mutually exclusive. Management does have the mission for the organization but does not have the dynamic vision which leader has. Durcan and Kirbbride (1994) in the direct contrast suggestions that participative approach is mostly and widely practised, especially in US and other Anglo nations2, there are challenges to this notion that manager can be stereotype as directive and order givers.
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To put more focus on empathy and ability to problems of the elderly essay manage relationships positively, leaders are apparent towards emotional intelligence and they would likely to apparent individualised consideration (Barling., 2000). Coercive Power: This power comes from the reaction. Iles (2001) sees improvement in the three major fields which need the Leadership improvement in the organisation. Self-deprecating sense of humour Self Regulation The ability to control or redirect disruptive impulses and moods. On the other hand, it was also argued that the expert and referent power could leader and follower relationship. These policies are cost effectiveness, lean production and use of labour.
It was different and novel idea that leadership and management have different approaches and different role, behaviour and responsibilities. Relationship between Management and Leadership Leadership and management are the terms that are often considered synonymous. Leadership is defined as the potential to influence and drive the group efforts towards the accomplishment of goals. This influence may originate from formal sources. The difference between manager (or management ) is that they are two sides of the same coin.